Hip arthroscopy, also referred to as keyhole surgery or minimally invasive surgery, is performed through very small incisions to evaluate and treat a variety of hip conditions. Arthroscopy is a surgical procedure in which an arthroscope is inserted into a joint. Arthroscopy is a term that comes from two Greek words, arthro-, meaning joint, and -skopein, meaning to examine. Arthroscope is a pencil-sized instrument that has a small lens and lighting system at its one end. Arthroscope magnifies and illuminates the structures inside the body with the light that is transmitted through fiber optics. It is attached to a television camera and the internal structures are seen on the television monitor.
At first, your surgeon makes 2-3 incisions near your elbow one for insertion of an arthroscope. Your surgeon injects a sterile solution into the body area treated to expand the joint that allows giving an extra room to work. Through other incisions surgical instruments are inserted to treat the condition. After the surgery the stitches are closed and dressing is applied.
You surgeon instruct you about the incision care, activities to be avoided and exercises to be performed for faster recovery. Some of the possible complications after arthroscopy include infection, phlebitis (clotting of blood in vein), excessive swelling, bleeding, blood vessel or nerve damage and instrument breakage.
Hip arthroscopy may be indicated in following conditions: